Edited by Martin Trybus and Luca Rubini
Chapter 1: Who Leads the EU? Competences, Rivalry and a Role for the President of the European Council, the High Representative
of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Presidency of the Council and the President of the European Commission Michael Mirschberger 1. INTRODUCTION By the 1st of December 2009, the European Union (EU) had developed a new structure. In addition to important new provisions and rights – especially regarding the competences of the European Parliament – the most apparent change seems to be the introduction of new leading positions as cornerstones of the architecture of the European legal and political system. In response to these changes, this chapter analyses the legal structure and competences of the new established President of the European Council (PEC) and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (HR) with regard to the corresponding provisions of the TEU and the TFEU. Furthermore, this analysis will compare these new leading positions1 to the previously existing and remaining positions of the Presidency of the Council and the President of the European Commission, and thus assess them concerning their powers in the political system of the Union. Finally, the chapter will elucidate the 1 Although there has been already a predecessor for the HR of the Amsterdam Europe, the HR of the Lisbon Treaty does deviate so far from the former position that one has to talk of a new position entirely. 15 Columns Design XML Ltd / Job: Trybus-Treaty_Lisbon_and_Future_of_EU_Law_and_Policy tion: 1 / Date: 24/2 / Division: 01-Chapter_1_typeset /Pg. Posi- JOBNAME: Trybus and Rubini...
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