Edited by Suzy Fox and Terri R. Lituchy
Chapter 9: Sexual Orientation Harassment: An Integrative Review with Directions for Future Research
Shaun Pichler Recent reports of teen suicides resulting from sexual orientation harassment have increased public awareness of this form of harassment in the United States. These unfortunate circumstances have increased the visibility of a broader and widespread problem in the United States: harassment based on one’s perceived or actual sexual orientation or gender identity. Although this problem is certainly not new, as data have indicated for many years that sexual orientation harassment is widespread in the general population and in various organizational settings (e.g., Herek and Sims, 2008) such as in the workplace, this presents an opportunity to carefully consider what the existing research has to say about the issue, to draw additional attention to important questions and areas of scholarship that could be addressed in future research, and to synthesize this literature in a way as to develop implications for policy-makers, perhaps especially managers. By design, this chapter is intended to be accessible and relevant to a wide audience. Given the relative lack of research on sexual orientation harassment, however, a key intended contribution of this chapter is to help advance future research on the topic. CORE TERMS AND CONCEPTS RELATED TO SEXUAL ORIENTATION HARASSMENT Sexual Orientation and Related Concepts The American Psychological Association defines sexual orientation as “an enduring emotional, romantic, sexual or affectional attraction to another person” (American Psychological Association, n.d.). This emphasizes the multidimensional nature of sexual orientation: not all of these dimensions 135 Columns Design XML Ltd / Job: Fox-Lituchy_Gender_and_Dysfunctional_Workplace 15/2...
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