City Distribution and Urban Freight Transport
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City Distribution and Urban Freight Transport

Multiple Perspectives

Edited by Cathy Macharis and Sandra Melo

City distribution plays a key role in supporting urban lifestyles, helping to serve and retain industrial and trading activities, and contributing to the competitiveness of regional industry. Despite these positive effects, it also generates negative (economic, environmental and social) impacts on cities worldwide. Relatively little attention has been paid to these issues by researchers and policymakers until recently. The analyses found in City Distribution and Urban Freight Transport aim to improve knowledge in this important area by recognizing and evaluating the problems, with a focus on urban freight transport systems.
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Chapter 4: Urban Freight Policy Innovation for Rome’s LTZ: A Stakeholder Perspective

Amanda Stathopoulos, Eva Valeri, Edoardo Marcucci, Edourdo Marcucci, Valerio Gatti and Agostino Nuzzolo


Amanda Stathopoulos, Eva Valeri, Edoardo Marcucci, Valerio Gatta, Agostino Nuzzolo and Antonio Comi INTRODUCTION City logistics is defined as ‘the process for totally optimising the logistics and transport activities by private companies in urban areas while considering the traffic environment, the traffic congestion and energy consumption within the framework of a market economy’ (Taniguchi et al., 1999, p. 17). In other words, city logistics can be considered a branch of transport modelling that deals with the typical problems relating to urban freight transport, such as congestion, time-window regulations, on-street loading and unloading of goods and environmental emissions caused by freight vehicles. Recent literature points towards the importance of explicitly considering different stakeholders’ unique perspectives. Indeed, recognizing and understanding the concerns of different stakeholders and their problem identification with respect to urban freight is a key factor to successfully introduce urban freight policies. This chapter contributes to the understanding of practical issues relating to stakeholder evaluation of urban freight policies. The empirical section of the chapter presents evidence from stakeholder focus groups set in a specific and complex political and urban environment: the Limited Traffic Zone (LTZ) in Rome. In surveying the problems surrounding goods movements in Rome’s LTZ, we focus on three main questions: ● ● Which are the principal problems associated with freight transport, according to the main stakeholders? What is the view of the current regulatory context and how does this modulate the problem perceptions? 75 MACHARIS PRINT (M2674).indd 75 27/07/2011 08:40 76 ● City distribution and urban freight...

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