Creative Knowledge Cities
Show Less

Creative Knowledge Cities

Myths, Visions and Realities

  • New Horizons in Regional Science series

Edited by Marina van Geenhuizen and Peter Nijkamp

This book adopts a holistic, integrated and pragmatic approach to exploring the myths, concepts, policies, key conditions and tools for enhancing creative knowledge cities, as well as expounding potentially negative impacts of knowledge based city policies.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details

Chapter 6: Science Parks: Changing Roles and Changing Approaches in their Evaluation

Marina van Geenhuizen, Danny P. Soetanto and Victor Scholten

Extract

6. Science parks: changing roles and changing approaches in their evaluation Marina van Geenhuizen, Danny P. Soetanto and Victor Scholten SETTING THE SCENE The role of science parks in attracting and breeding high-technology firms is recognized at the European policy level, and the aim a few years ago was to increase average practice towards the best (EU Independent Expert Group on R&D and Innovation, 2006; EC, 2008). Science parks have a long history. There was a fast growth of science parks in the US and the UK in the 1960s and 1970s, and this has inspired policy-makers to adopt science parks as a policy tool in continental Europe, such as in Germany, Sweden, France and the Netherlands, and more recently in Southern Europe, for example Spain, Portugal and Greece, and Eastern Europe (Durão et al., 2005; Sofouli and Vonortas, 2007; Ratino and Henriques, 2010). Since the early 1980s, Asian governments started to adopt science parks, such as in Taiwan and Singapore (Lee and Yang, 2000; Lai and Shyu, 2005; Koh et al., 2005). With this growing adoption, science parks have become more diverse in aim and practice, for example, concerning the type of target firms, the set of facilities and the stakeholders involved. Policy-makers tend to see science parks as highly effective instruments in enhancing knowledge-based regional growth. The creation of new jobs and of new high-technology firms, and the revitalization of the local and regional economy are among the positive impacts. In addition, the networks based on...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.


Further information

or login to access all content.