The Politics of Structural Reforms
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The Politics of Structural Reforms

Social and Industrial Policy Change in Italy and Japan

Edited by Hideko Magara and Stefano Sacchi

For countries undertaking economic or political reform the case of Italy and Japan is both highly instructive and sobering. The Politics of Structural Reforms reveals what Italy and Japan gained and lost through a series of social and industrial reforms in the 1990s and 2000s, and why the changes they made in their policies have had little impact in softening the recent economic crisis.
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Chapter 5: Italy’s majoritarian experiment: continuities and discontinuities in Italian electoral behaviour between the First and Second Republic

Paolo Segatti

Extract

The Italian political system is once again in a state of flux. The February 2013 general election, which saw the massive emergence of the protest party Movimento 5 Stelle (M5S, Five-star Movement) is likely to be seen in the future as a turning point in Italian political history, as was the 1994 election. In 1993, the Italian government was not a party government, and the same can be said for 2012. Berlusconi resigned on 12 November 2011, as the Amato government had done on 22 April 1993. The man who succeded Berlusconi in 2011, Mario Monti, was a former European Commissioner, appointed as Prime Minister by the President of the Republic after being made a senator for life. A technocrat, just like in 1993 when the Governor of the Bank of Italy, Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, was appointed Prime Minister. As for the Ciampi government (in power between April 1993 and May 1994), the parliamentary majority supporting the Monti government included parties that have traditionally been on opposite sides of the political spectrum. As in the early 1990s, the parties are again the target of public blame. Charges of personal corruption and misappropriation of political money are brought against them.

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