Edited by Robert Stimson
Chapter 4: Approaches to conducting research
As discussed in Chapter 1, research is about generating new information to improve our understanding about social and economic phenomena, events and situations and human behaviours, and to help explain their occurrence. It is about explaining why, when, where and how those things occur. To do that we need data about those things we are investigating. What we need to ensure is that we have confidence that the data we are using to generate information is accurate, valid and reliable, and that the results of our analysis will be meaningful vis-à-vis the research question being investigated. As an information-generating process, research tends to be goal-oriented. When undertaking research, the aim is not to wander at random or chaotically, but to proceed towards an objective. The path may be direct or indirect. Research activities designed to generate information includes those concerned with: · formulating the research question; · developing a research design; · gathering existing and collecting new data; · testing hypotheses relating to data sets; · analysing data; · creating, testing or evaluating problems; · generating, testing or evaluating theory; · understanding interactions; and · making predictions.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.