Unity and Diversity
Edited by Bruce E. Kaufman
Chapter 2: A century of human resource management in Argentina
Human resource management (HRM) is studied and practiced all over the world, yet it comes in many different varieties depending on the national and cultural context. The history of HRM in Argentina well illustrates this proposition. As in many other countries, HRM in Argentina has its roots in the late 19th century and in the emergence of a commercial society and modern industrial economy. Also, as in many other countries, human resource management in Argentina has developed through a number of historical stages and taken different forms with different labels. Today, people from other parts of the world, when visiting prominent Argentine companies, would find that the management of people and behavior of employee relations have many similarities with the way these activities are performed in their own countries. If these visitors were to stay longer in Argentina and perhaps actually work in an Argentine company, however, they would soon discover that HRM in this country – like most other aspects of life – has a number of unique features. Argentina is part of Latin America and this cultural and political heritage greatly shapes the practice of human resource management in its companies and how the subject is conceptualized and taught at its universities. Then, even within Latin America, Argentina has its own unique history, pattern of economic development, employee relations culture, and labor policy framework. So, the story of HRM in Argentina, as this chapter will show, shares common features with other countries but also distinct differences.
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