Unity and Diversity
Edited by Bruce E. Kaufman
Chapter 18: The origins, evolution, and current status of human resource management in the United States
This chapter describes the historical origins and development of human resource management (HRM) in the United States of America (USA), starting in the late nineteenth century and extending to the present time. In keeping with the overall theme of the volume, HRM is defined broadly to include all forms and methods of people management in organizations; part of the interesting story told here is how this generic concept has evolved over more than a century in terms of how it is labelled, organized, practiced, and theorized. This portrait is necessarily painted with a broad brush, given not only the lengthy time period covered but also the attention to important events and ideas in the academic and practitioner realms and the influence of paradigm-shaping contextual and historical factors. Conclusions and implications from this historical survey are provided at the end.
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