Towards a Seamless Connection between EIA and EMS
Edited by Anastássios Perdicoúlis, Bridget Durning and Lisa Palframan
Chapter 4: Environmental Management Plans – Origins, Usage and Development
Bridget Durning There is no formal requirement for an environmental management plan (EMP) within EIA legislation in the UK, but they are increasingly being used as a way of ensuring that mitigation measures proposed in the environmental statement (ES) are implemented on the ground (IEMA, 2008, 2011). Marshall (2004, p. [p. 141), who coined the phrase ‘EMS-lite’ to describe EMPs, also suggests that, by focusing on what is signiﬁcant, they can act as the ‘linking interface between the formal certiﬁed EMS and the EIA/project development’. This chapter considers the origins of the concept of EMP. It brieﬂy considers their effectiveness in delivering environmental protection through reference to a case study and their current usage. It concludes by reﬂecting on how EMPs can form the key link between EIA and EMS and how this can be further enhanced. 4.1 Origins The concept of EMP has evolved over the last twenty years. The World Bank introduced environmental mitigation plans into its environmental assessment (EA) operating directive in 1991 (World Bank, 1993) as part of its focus on managing the environmental impacts of its investment. The concept evolved within World Bank documentation over the next few years to be referred to as ‘environmental mitigation or management plan’ and then into ‘environmental management plan’ (EMP) with guidance on what should be covered in the EMP being issued in January 1999. The broad aim of an EMP was to ‘provide an 55 Furthering Environmental Impact Assessment essential link between the impacts...
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