Furthering Environmental Impact Assessment
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Furthering Environmental Impact Assessment

Towards a Seamless Connection between EIA and EMS

Edited by Anastássios Perdicoúlis, Bridget Durning and Lisa Palframan

The environmental impact of development projects is currently studied and mitigated from two distinct perspectives: before and after project implementation, with environmental impact assessment (EIA) and environmental management systems (EMS) being the main instruments on the respective sides. This double perspective creates a discontinuity in the way environmental impacts are analysed, an issue that has been noted by both academics and practitioners. This book gathers and presents both theoretical and actual examples to link EIA with EMS and explores ways to overcome difficulties and provide innovative solutions.
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Chapter 6: EIA–EMS Link in Vietnam

Dao Mai Anh and Clive Briffett


Dao Mai Anh and Clive Briffett Through a Vietnam case study we explore the potential role of utilising the ISO 14001 Environmental Management System (EMS) in association with Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) requirements for development of a framework of firm compliance behaviour with regard to environmental laws and regulations. It first presents the background to the study and a country overview followed by outlining EIA and EMS practice in Vietnam. It then discusses the determinants of firm compliance behaviour with environmental laws and regulations and finally concludes with discussion of the role of EMS in implementing EIA follow-up requirements. The chapter draws from recent studies (Dao et al., 2009; Dao and Ofori, 2010). 6.1 Background to Study For the last two decades, Vietnam has shown steady economic growth but has paid the price for this development with the continuing degradation of the environment. Air and water pollution and solid waste treatment has become a social issue, particularly in urban areas, where, as a result of economic development, people and factories are concentrated. The government has coped with this situation by establishing environmental laws and regulations starting with the enactment of the Law on Environmental Protection (LEP) in 1994. However, both personnel and budgetary foundations of environmental administrative organisations (central or local), are vulnerable and are not adequate for enforcing the environmental laws and regulations effectively. The country has introduced specific environmental regulations designed to deal with water pollution, air pollution, and industrial waste as these are the country’s principal...

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