Towards a Seamless Connection between EIA and EMS
Edited by Anastássios Perdicoúlis, Bridget Durning and Lisa Palframan
6. EIA–EMS Link in Vietnam Dao Mai Anh and Clive Briffett Through a Vietnam case study we explore the potential role of utilising the ISO 14001 Environmental Management System (EMS) in association with Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) requirements for development of a framework of ﬁrm compliance behaviour with regard to environmental laws and regulations. It ﬁrst presents the background to the study and a country overview followed by outlining EIA and EMS practice in Vietnam. It then discusses the determinants of ﬁrm compliance behaviour with environmental laws and regulations and ﬁnally concludes with discussion of the role of EMS in implementing EIA follow-up requirements. The chapter draws from recent studies (Dao et al., 2009; Dao and Ofori, 2010). 6.1 Background to Study For the last two decades, Vietnam has shown steady economic growth but has paid the price for this development with the continuing degradation of the environment. Air and water pollution and solid waste treatment has become a social issue, particularly in urban areas, where, as a result of economic development, people and factories are concentrated. The government has coped with this situation by establishing environmental laws and regulations starting with the enactment of the Law on Environmental Protection (LEP) in 1994. However, both personnel and budgetary foundations of environmental administrative organisations (central or local), are vulnerable and are not adequate for enforcing the environmental laws and regulations effectively. The country has introduced speciﬁc environmental regulations designed to deal with water pollution, air pollution, and industrial waste...
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