Towards a Seamless Connection between EIA and EMS
Edited by Anastássios Perdicoúlis, Bridget Durning and Lisa Palframan
Chapter 10: EIA–EMS Link from the Flood Risk Management Sector
Karl Fuller, Claire Vetori, Bruce Munro, and Kevin House The Environment Agency for England and Wales includes, amongst its functions, oversight of ﬂood and coastal erosion risk management (FCRM). Direct responsibility is held for ﬂood risk management for main rivers (larger watercourses) and the coast. This involves the planning, construction and maintenance of ﬂood risk management projects. This chapter sets out the background against which the Environment Agency undertakes ﬂood risk management activities. This includes environmental duties and obligations set out in legislation and government guidance, and environmental sensitivities that are inherent in the ﬂuvial and coastal environment of England and Wales. We then explain the framework under which environmental assessment and environmental management is implemented, before describing in more detail how this operates in practice in the implementation of a project. The chapter concludes by discussing how the Environment Agency passes lessons learned from one project to other similar projects and identiﬁes areas in which the environmental assessment and management framework could be further strengthened. 157 Furthering Environmental Impact Assessment 10.1 Background The Environment Agency was established in 1995 by the Environment Act.1 The Environment Agency’s principal aim and objectives in discharging its functions are set out in Regulation 4 of the Act; to protect or enhance the environment, and to contribute towards the objective of sustainable development. The Environment Agency acts in a variety of functional roles in delivering its duties, acting as an operating authority, a regulatory authority and a licensing body. As an operating authority...
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