Towards a Seamless Connection between EIA and EMS
Edited by Anastássios Perdicoúlis, Bridget Durning and Lisa Palframan
11. Moving Towards Sustainability Management Systems Jane Scanlon and Jenny Pope 11.1 Introduction The relationships between environmental impact assessment (EIA) and environmental management systems (EMS) have been discussed extensively in the literature, often with a focus on ways to promote alignment between the two tools to ensure the effective management of environmental impacts of new developments from the approvals decision through to operation (Marshall, 2002; S´ nchez and Hacking, 2002). Management systems, it has been argued, can a play a key role by providing a framework to support the systematic management of project issues and risks (Ridgway, 2005).1 While we endorse the use of management systems to manage relevant issues throughout the life of a project, in this chapter we promote an approach based not upon traditional EMS but upon sustainability management systems (SMS),2 an emerging concept reﬂecting a more holistic and societal-based consideration of issues, risks and opportunities inherent to project delivery. We ground our argument for SMS in our experiences as consultants and researchers on infrastructure projects, which include rail, road, water and power supplies (Gilpin, 2006), although we believe the principles we present may prove equally applian impact assessment perspective, EMS is thus often conceptualised as a key element of ‘EIA follow-up’, the term given to a range of post (approval) decision activities (Arts et al., 2001). 2 This acronym should not be confused with the acronym for safety management systems (also SMS) often used by occupational health and safety professionals. 1 From 175...
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