Furthering Environmental Impact Assessment
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Furthering Environmental Impact Assessment

Towards a Seamless Connection between EIA and EMS

Edited by Anastássios Perdicoúlis, Bridget Durning and Lisa Palframan

The environmental impact of development projects is currently studied and mitigated from two distinct perspectives: before and after project implementation, with environmental impact assessment (EIA) and environmental management systems (EMS) being the main instruments on the respective sides. This double perspective creates a discontinuity in the way environmental impacts are analysed, an issue that has been noted by both academics and practitioners. This book gathers and presents both theoretical and actual examples to link EIA with EMS and explores ways to overcome difficulties and provide innovative solutions.
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Chapter 12: Sustainability Management Systems – Two Case Studies

Jane Scanlon, Hudson Worsley and Neil Earnshaw


Jane Scanlon, Hudson Worsley and Neil Earnshaw 12.1 12.1.1 Aim and Background Contribution to this Book This chapter links to Chapter 11, which defines sustainability in the context of delivering projects in the built environment. It also promotes the use of sustainability management systems (SMSs) across the life of a project and provides a high-level model for the development of an SMS. SMSs can ensure sustainability issues, and risks and opportunities, are meaningfully addressed during various project delivery activities. These activities include those pertaining to the design and construction phases, such as detailed design and procurement (see Chapter 11). Such activities, although critical for achieving sustainability outcomes, are often not covered by a traditional environmental management system (EMS). This chapter outlines two real-life SMSs being used in the transport sector – one by the Sydney Metro Authority (SMA) in Australia and the other by the UK Olympic Delivery Authority Transport Division (ODAT).1 It describes the key components of each SMS and how they have served to embed sustainability in various project delivery activities. This chapter also highlights how an SMS 1 The case studies formed part of PhD research conducted by the primary author between 2008–2011 at the University of Western Sydney, Australia. 195 Furthering Environmental Impact Assessment can overcome some of the inhibitors to achieving project sustainability. This chapter will be of particular interest to industry professionals who wish to drive sustainability through project delivery. Those professionals will include sustainability advisers or consultants2 and impact assessment practitioners....

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