Edited by Anthony Payne and Nicola Phillips
Chapter 22: Migration in European governance: the constitution of a transgovernmental policy field
This chapter analyses the relationship between the social, political and economic constitution of 'the European project' and the governance of migration. It does so in the context of what the European Union (EU) now calls its Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM) (see CEC 2011a). This has both an 'internal' governance dimension applied to the 28 member-states and an 'external' governance dimension as it affects non-member-states. The chapter seeks to account for the development of EU migration governance, its links to the broader political economy of European integration, and the particular policy focus within both its internal and its external dimensions. It thus asks why, how and with what effects the EU has developed common migration policies and a system of migration governance. The EU's GAMM built on what was initially called a Global Approach to Migration, which emerged during the UK's presidency of the EU in 2005. The addition of the word 'mobility' may seem like a marginal difference, but is significant in the development of EU migration governance because of the distinction it creates between 'virtuous' mobility (involving the highly qualified and economically beneficial forms of migration) which, it is argued, should be encouraged, and more 'problematic' migration, which is to be controlled and restricted. Increased emphasis within this debate has been placed on temporary and circular forms of migration.
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