Post-Agreement Bargaining in the Barents Sea
Chapter 4: Post-agreement Bargaining at State Level
59 fishery management bodies frequently proposed new management measures – and the Russians routinely accepted them. But then, around the turn of the millennium, Russian rhetoric changed: Norway’s initiatives in the Barents Sea were now largely dismissed as being initiated in order to harm Russia; at least, that was what representatives of the Russian fishery management system told the Russian public. Nevertheless, it proved possible to reach compromise between the two countries on several issues, notably the setting of the TAC. These events are explained in more detail below. I first provide a chronological presentation of each thematic case. This is mainly an account of events as seen from the Commission itself, although I briefly discuss whether its presentation of reality is valid: Was Russian overfishing in the early 1990s actually eliminated? Were TACs brought in line with the precautionary approach during the 2000s? Here I do not provide a full overview of scientific recommendations, established TACs and actual catches each year (see Hønneland, 2006; Stokke, 2010a, forthcoming), but more episodic accounts of central clusters of events during the 1990s and 2000s. My objective is not to document the history of the Joint Commission, but to present the cases in which post-agreement bargaining has been most prevalent. Then a section on bargaining dynamics follows. Here the focus is not on the outcomes, but on the processes that led to them. What form did Norway’s negotiation efforts take? How were the Norwegian initiatives perceived by the Russians? In the final section,...
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