Law Applicable to Copyright
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Law Applicable to Copyright

A Comparison of the ALI and CLIP Proposals

Rita Matulionytė

This book discusses the problems of applicable law in international copyright infringement cases and examines the solutions proposed to them in the recent projects by the American Law Institute and the European Max Planck Group for Conflict of Laws and Intellectual Property.
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Chapter 7: Ubiquitous Infringements Rule

Rita Matulionytė


ALI Principles § 321. Law of Laws to Be Applied in Cases of Ubiquitous Infringement (1) When the alleged infringing activity is ubiquitous and the laws of multiple States are pleaded, the court may choose to apply to the issues of existence, validity, duration, attributes, and infringement of intellectual property rights and remedies for their infringement, the law or laws of the State or States with close connections to the dispute, as evidenced, for example, by: (a) where the parties reside; (b) where the parties’ relationship, if any, is centered; (c) the extent of the activities and the investment of the parties; and (d) the principal markets toward which the parties directed their activities. (2) Notwithstanding the State or States designated pursuant to subsection (1), a party may prove that, with respect to particular States covered by the action, the solution provided by any of those States’ laws differs from that obtained under the law(s) chosen to apply to the case as a whole. The court shall take into account such differences in determining the scope of liability and remedies. Draft CLIP Proposal Article 3:603: Ubiquitous Infringement (1) In disputes concerned with infringement carried out through ubiquitous media such as the Internet, the court may apply the law of the State having the closest connection with the infringement, if the infringement arguably takes place in every State in which the signals can be received. This rule also applies to existence, duration, limitations and scope to the extent that these...

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