Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research
Edited by Mário Raposo, David Smallbone, Károly Balaton and Lilla Hortoványi
Chapter 11: Toward a Hermeneutical Methodology for Entrepreneurship Research in a Radical Subjectivist Paradigm
Christoph Streb and Vishal Gupta INTRODUCTION The field of entrepreneurship is experiencing a critical phase in its development (Chiles et al., 2007; Davidsson et al., 2001; Kuratko and Audretsch, 2009). On the one hand, entrepreneurship scholars report increasing frustration with the field’s state of affairs (Shane and Venkataraman, 2000; Zahra and Dess, 2001). On the other hand, journal editors devote increasing space to publishing entrepreneurship research (Rauch et al., 2009). Recent entrepreneurship research draws a rather fragmented picture of the field (Welter and Lasch, 2008). For example, a central question in entrepreneurship research involves understanding the unfolding of entrepreneurial processes over time (van de Ven and Engleman, 2004). Entrepreneurship scholars seek to understand the emergence of entrepreneurial actors (individuals, organizations, regions and societies) and to explain disequilibrating processes such as opportunity creation and exploitation as well as organizational emergence (Chiles et al., 2008). Understanding the entrepreneurial process is critical to entrepreneurial research. Nevertheless, entrepreneurship researchers have woefully neglected this, and the few who have attempted to study such processes have usually used the wrong methodology: variance methods (Chiles et al., 2009). Variance-based methods (e.g., hierarchical regression analysis, structural equation modelling) embed a small set of well-developed variables in a nomological net and use statistical techniques to test predicted relationships between variables (Chiles, 2003; Gartner et al., 1992). Although these methods have advanced scholarly understanding of entrepreneurship (Gartner and Birley, 2002), they may also lead us down paths that may not help answer the key questions concerning entrepreneurship 262 M2744 -...
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