Europe and the Latin Arc Countries
Edited by Roberto Camagni and Roberta Capello
Rafael Boix, Joan Trullén and Vittorio Galletto 8.1 BASIC FACTS AND MACROECONOMIC PERFORMANCE The province of Barcelona is one of the four provinces (NUTS-3) that comprise Catalonia, located on the Mediterranean coast of Spain. Currently, in 2010, it has a population of 5.5 million inhabitants, encompasses an area of 7,700 km2 and a population density of 715 hab/km2. Barcelona has a productive model characterized by the importance of its manufacturing base, its openness to foreign markets, and the central role of its small and medium-sized firms. One explanation for Barcelona’s economic success lies in its agglomeration economies. To put this more precisely, the success of the province is due in the first place to its external economies of localization linked to both traditional and new industries, in the second place, to its urbanization economies generated by the scale of the metropolitan diversity, and finally to network economies derived from the existence of a network of cities generating synergies. 8.1.1 Population The population of Barcelona has stabilized during the 1990s to about 4.6 million inhabitants. Between 2000 and 2010, the population rose to 5.5 million, with a 16 per cent accumulated growth rate. The arrival of foreign immigrants accounts for this population growth. The foreign-born population in the province rose from 150,000 in 2000 (3.2 per cent of the population in the province) to 690,000 in 2010 (14 per cent of the population) with an accumulated growth rate of 560 per cent. This attractiveness was due to...
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