The Challenges of Emergency Risk Regulation
Edited by Alberto Alemanno
Chapter 1: What Happened and Lessons Learned: A European and International Perspective
JOBNAME: Alermanno PAGE: 3 SESS: 9 OUTPUT: Tue Sep 6 13:22:57 2011 1. What happened and lessons learned: a European and international perspective Alberto Alemanno More than 20 years after the EU eliminated its internal land borders, the Union still lacks an integrated airspace. This seems to the most immediate regulatory lesson learnt from the recent volcanic ash crisis. In this introductory chapter, I provide a ﬁrst-hand analysis of the regulatory answer developed across Europe in the aftermath of the eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull and qualify it as a case in point for an analysis of the concept of ‘emergency risk regulation’. While reconstructing the unfolding of the events and the procedures followed by the regulators, I will attempt to address some of the following questions: What did the assessment of the danger of volcanic ash mean for airplanes? Who was competent to take risk-management decisions, such as the controversial ﬂight bans? Is it true that the safe level of volcanic ash was zero? How to explain the shift to a new safety threshold (of 2,000 mg/m3) only ﬁve days after the event? Did regulators overact? To what extent did they manage the perceived risk rather than the actual one? 1.1 THE EMERGENCY REGULATORY RESPONSE Following the eruption of Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull on 14 April 2010, a cloud of ash quickly spread across Europe, helped by favourable winds. As a result, most European civil aviation authorities closed their respective airspaces.1 The ﬂying bans...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.