Governing Disasters
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Governing Disasters

The Challenges of Emergency Risk Regulation

Edited by Alberto Alemanno

This is the first volume that addresses the complexities of the volcanic ash cloud that overshadowed Europe in April 2011, but has subsequently struck again in Australia, Chile and Europe. It does so from a multidisciplinary perspective, drawing upon research from economics, law, sociology and other fields, as well as volcanology and leading expertise in jet engineering. Whilst our knowledge base is wide-ranging, there is a common focus on the practical lessons of the ash cloud crisis both for subsequent eruptions and for emergency risk regulation more generally.
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Chapter 10: Effective Regulatory Processes for Crisis Management: An Analysis of Codified Crisis Management in Europe

Lorenza Jachia and Valentin Nikonov


JOBNAME: Alermanno PAGE: 3 SESS: 6 OUTPUT: Tue Sep 6 13:22:57 2011 10. Effective regulatory processes for crisis management: an analysis of codified crisis management in Europe1 Lorenza Jachia and Valentin Nikonov It was the best of times, it was the worst of times. (Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities, 1859) 10.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter aims at identifying issues that regulators should consider when designing, testing, implementing and maintaining crisis management plans and developing legislation that covers situations of emergency. Using the 2010 volcanic ash crisis as a case study of regulatory actions during emergency, we introduce a holistic model for managing risks within regulatory systems. We present contingency planning and emergency regulation as functions of well-designed regulatory systems and part of codified risk management. We argue that actions taken by the regulator in the immediacy of crisis will only be effective if the regulatory system embraces all functions of the risk-management process. The model provides insight into the research questions that this volume addresses; in particular determining a proportionate response to risks, assigning responsibility for risk-management functions to different stakeholders, involving the industry into preparing and responding to the situations of emergency. Also, the model is a tool to assess the gaps in legislation in different fields with regard to risk-management best practice. In the chapter, we analyze how environmental, food safety, financial and aviation laws or regulations address crisis management and situations of emergency. Finally, we present our conclusions and recommendations on incorporating...

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