Edited by Philip Cooke, Mario Davide Parrilli and José Luis Curbelo
Chapter 2: Resilience, Innovative ‘White Spaces’ and Cluster-Platforms as a Response to Globalisation Shocks
2. Resilience, innovative ‘white spaces’ and cluster platforms as a response to globalisation shocks Philip Cooke and Arne Eriksson INTRODUCTION The newest and most fruitful insights into our understanding of innovation processes come where understanding is informed by one of four complementary theoretical perspectives. These are, respectively: the multi-level perspective on co-evolution (MLP); the resilience or panarchy perspective; complexity theory; and evolutionary economic geography (EEG). In this chapter these four complementary theoretical frameworks will be compared and contrasted. Then key elements are selected in ways that underline their value to a broadly evolutionary analysis of contemporary regional innovation processes. This is a prelude to exploring a theory of innovation that integrates the ideas of regional ‘relatedness’ of industry (Frenken et al., 2007), ‘path interdependence’ of socio-technical systems (Martin and Sunley, 2010; Geels, 2007), ‘pre-adaptation’ and the ‘adjacent possible’ as innovator moves that explain both incremental and radical innovation (Kauffman, 2008). The chapter then proceeds with accounts of regional innovation intermediation by innovation agencies in central Europe contrasted with a Scandinavian exemplar where ‘pre-adaptation’ or reincarnation of an innovation from one industry or cluster into a wholly different one (this is also known in evolutionary biology as ‘exaptation’ (Gould and Vrba, 2002) is found in the first two cases but search practices for the ‘adjacent possible’ are also found in the Scandinavian case. There then follows a lengthy, longitudinal analysis of a further Scandinavian case from the Skåne region in Sweden in which the quest for the ‘adjacent possible’ is...
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