Edited by Philip Cooke, Mario Davide Parrilli and José Luis Curbelo
Chapter 6: New Policy Approaches to Develop Innovative Territories: Developing Trust and Behavioral Additionality in Gipuzkoa
Miren Larrea, Maria José Aranguren and James Karlsen 1. INTRODUCTION Innovation is nowadays conceived as a social and open process. This has brought significant attention to a systemic view of innovation and concepts as the national innovation system (Lundvall, 1992) or the regional innovation system (Cooke et al., 1997; Asheim and Isaksen, 2002) have been popular. Although intensive efforts have been developed in research to understand these systems, the process of how they change participants’ developing capabilities to innovate has remained to a great extent a black box. Concepts like constructing regional advantage (Asheim et al., 2006) point nowadays to the fact that it is possible to be proactive in such processes. This focuses attention on innovation policies that not only provide the system with its different elements, but also foster some processes where the different participants in the system can actively construct advantage. One of the approaches that can help reflect on these policies is that of system failure. The chapter focuses on such policies, and through a case study discusses some key elements that policy-makers in regions need to address in order to efficiently initiate this kind of process. To do so, it focuses on the concept of social capital and the role it plays in innovation policy. Two research questions guide the chapter: ● ● How can system failure be detected? How can shared vision be developed to reduce system failure? Section 2 presents the main concepts used, section 3 presents the context and the methodology for the empirical...
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