Innovation, Global Change and Territorial Resilience
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Innovation, Global Change and Territorial Resilience

Edited by Philip Cooke, Mario Davide Parrilli and José Luis Curbelo

Localized creativity, small high-tech entrepreneurship, related innovation platforms, social capital embedded in dynamically open territorial communities and context-specific though continuously upgrading policy platforms are all means to face new challenges and to promote increased absorptive capacity within local and national territories. The contributors illustrate that these capabilities are much needed in the current globalized economy as a path towards sustainability and for creating new opportunities for their inhabitants. They analyse the challenges and development prospects of local/regional production systems internally, across territories, and in terms of their potential and territorial connectivity which can help exploit opportunities for proactive policy actions. This is increasingly relevant in the current climate, in which the balanced allocation of resources and opportunities, particularly for SMEs, cannot be expected to be the automatic result of the working of the market.
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Chapter 6: New Policy Approaches to Develop Innovative Territories: Developing Trust and Behavioral Additionality in Gipuzkoa

Mirren Larrea, Maria José Aranguren and James Karlsen


Miren Larrea, Maria José Aranguren and James Karlsen 1. INTRODUCTION Innovation is nowadays conceived as a social and open process. This has brought significant attention to a systemic view of innovation and concepts as the national innovation system (Lundvall, 1992) or the regional innovation system (Cooke et al., 1997; Asheim and Isaksen, 2002) have been popular. Although intensive efforts have been developed in research to understand these systems, the process of how they change participants’ developing capabilities to innovate has remained to a great extent a black box. Concepts like constructing regional advantage (Asheim et al., 2006) point nowadays to the fact that it is possible to be proactive in such processes. This focuses attention on innovation policies that not only provide the system with its different elements, but also foster some processes where the different participants in the system can actively construct advantage. One of the approaches that can help reflect on these policies is that of system failure. The chapter focuses on such policies, and through a case study discusses some key elements that policy-makers in regions need to address in order to efficiently initiate this kind of process. To do so, it focuses on the concept of social capital and the role it plays in innovation policy. Two research questions guide the chapter: ● ● How can system failure be detected? How can shared vision be developed to reduce system failure? Section 2 presents the main concepts used, section 3 presents the context and the methodology for the empirical...

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