Policies, Plans and Metrics
Edited by Tan Yigitcanlar, Kostas Metaxiotis and Francisco Javier Carrillo
Chapter 2: Creating: The Creative-class Based Knowledge City Models of Denmark
Mark Lorenzen, Kristina Vaarst Andersen and Stine Laursen INTRODUCTION Any policy aimed at improving a city’s knowledge infrastructure must aim to boost the city’s attractiveness to knowledge workers. Much incumbent research has focused on the attractiveness of urban amenities (Roback, 1982; Glaeser et al., 2001; Lloyd and Clark, 2001; Shapiro, 2006). However, the work by Richard Florida and associates (Florida, 2002a; 2002b; 2002c; 2005a; 2005b; 2008) constitutes a different perspective which has made a notable impact in both the policy and scholarly worlds (e.g. Gertler et al., 2002; Montgomery, 2005; Boyle, 2006; Andersen and Lorenzen, 2005, 2009; Raush and Negry, 2006; Weick and Martin, 2006; Lorenzen and Andersen, 2009; Andersen et al., 2010). Simplified, Florida argues that in a globalized economy where knowledge constitutes competitive advantage, it is possible to analytically identify a type of knowledge workers who are particularly important, because they are engaged technically, socially, and/ or artistically with creativity in their job. This creative class within the labor force has particular preferences for amenities such as high-quality housing, work empowerment, and specialized consumption. While the creative class shares these preferences with highly educated labor, Florida is able to demonstrate empirically that the US creative class has a more unique trait: it prefers to locate in cities with particularly high levels of cultural services, ethnic diversity, and tolerance towards non-mainstream lifestyles. Florida further claims that as a result of this preference-driven pattern of location of the creative class, diverse and ethnically and culturally rich cities prosper economically, as...
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