Policies, Plans and Metrics
Edited by Tan Yigitcanlar, Kostas Metaxiotis and Francisco Javier Carrillo
Chapter 3: Organizing: Spontaneously Developed Urban Technology Precincts
Gülnur Çevikayak and Koray Velibeyoğlu INTRODUCTION In recent years, cities have begun to compete with each other mainly based on their level of knowledge production, innovation, creativity and learning, and they have started to become more dynamic, complex, diverse, open and intangible (Finquelievich, 2002). Improving the knowledgeintensive business and service sector is an important issue for knowledge cities to develop their economic base. At the heart of the new innovation environment, technology precincts are faced with innovative processes to deliver today’s needs. The traditional concept of ‘technology precinct’ starts to be changed in terms of new urban precincts where knowledge is the driving force of the economic and urban development (Seitinger, 2004; Tidd, 2003). The pioneer force of knowledge-based urban development is knowledgeintensive business and service sectors, such that knowledge has become the fourth factor of production beside land, labour and capital. Commercializing new knowledge causes increase in the knowledge-based business and service sectors and awareness of the centrality to the urban context of sustained face-to-face contact, and especially quality of life in the vibrant, dynamic city (Corey and Wilson, 2006). This process brings knowledge-based innovative environments that contain new technology development areas with new contents. In this chapter, those new technology developments that locate in the inner city are named urban technology precincts (UTPs). UTPs can appear in two ways. The first way is the renovation and rebuilding of old or abandoned industrial grey or brown fields into new technology-based, vibrant areas with a strong identity and...
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