Policies, Plans and Metrics
Edited by Tan Yigitcanlar, Kostas Metaxiotis and Francisco Javier Carrillo
Chapter 7: Participating: Knowledge Citizens’ Competences and Knowledge City Transformation
7. Participating: knowledge citizens’ competences and knowledge city transformation Octavio González, Rodolfo Wilhelmy, Santiago Cavazos and América Martínez INTRODUCTION Knowledge is presently more valuable than ever. Ergazakis et al. (2006) explain that although ‘knowledge has been the critical source of progress since the origins of the human kind on earth, what is new and rapidly evolving nowadays, is the explicit and purposeful management of knowledge as a strategic resource’. The need for sustainable development and the creation of value in all the areas of a city have been the principal reasons to look at the concepts of knowledge, and knowledge-based development, as factors of balance and sustainable high quality of life. For Chatzkel (2004) ‘the knowledge factor differentiates a region’. He suggests that ‘physical and financial resources still are important, but knowledge and actionable knowledge specifically, is the most powerful factor of production’. The Knowledge Cities official website (Knowledge Cities, 2010) suggests that a ‘[Knowledge City] (KC) is one that searches for the creation of value in all its areas’, meaning that the economic benefit or the increase in production is not the principal goal of this kind of city, as is the appreciation and capitalization of the total value produced by human activity. That is because, as Carrillo (2010) explains, the total value produced by human activity includes different forms of knowledge capital. As long as a knowledge city searches for the capitalization of the total value produced by human activity, a knowledge city is as...
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