Policies, Plans and Metrics
Edited by Tan Yigitcanlar, Kostas Metaxiotis and Francisco Javier Carrillo
Chapter 17: Measuring: Knowledge-based Development Metrics, Evolution and Perspectives
17. Measuring: knowledge-based development metrics, evolution and perspectives Francisco Javier Carrillo and Ricardo Emmanuel Flores INTRODUCTION Public discourse, media and overall global cultural expressions consistently refer to knowledge society and the knowledge economy as signs of our times. At the more specialized and professional level, knowledge-based development (KBD) has been established as an institutional field of research and practice. However, the nature, dimensions, processes and therefore measurement methods for knowledge-based phenomena are still preliminary. The field of knowledge management is a relatively young one in the scope of economics and management science. In this field, to develop operational definitions and working metrics has been an ever-present goal. Furthermore, the complexities of social-scale knowledge processes and the practical and methodological issues concerning valid, comparable and accessible indicators present huge challenges to analysts and policymakers. It is thus this chapter’s purpose to present an overview of current approaches, and to provide a more consolidated vaulting block for future research and attempts at defining measurements for knowledge-based economies at different levels of analysis. In looking at the evolution of KBD measurement methods, four major levels of knowledge-based metrics can be found: Organizational, UrbanRegional, National and Global. Measurement methods have been developed by researchers and agencies at each level. Often, these levels may overlap. For the purpose of this work, the categorization criterion is the broadest level at which the analyses are conducted in each method. In this chapter, organization-level methods are excluded as these have been more extensively studied and convey a distinctive...
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