Chapter 8: Reflexive coordination of European social and employment policies
The law of the European Union and labour law have a chequered relationship. At the beginning of the process of European integration in the 1950s, it was decided that in order for a common market to be established it was not necessary to grant supranational bodies legislative powers in the area of labour law. The influential Ohlin Report stipulated that the common market did not presuppose a harmonised level of labour standards but would more or less automatically lead to convergence of national standards (Ohlin Report 1956). However, some provisions regarding social and employment policy were included in the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community of 1957, for example the equal pay clause and coordination of social security entitlements for migrant workers. These provisions constituted cornerstones for the gradual development of asocial dimension of European integration (see Barbier 2008; Barnard and Deakin 2012).
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