Chapter 9: Reflexive implementation of EU employment law – a case study of the Working Time Directive
The assessment of the European Working Time Directive (WTD) and its implementation will be used in the following as an example for an analysis of reflexive trends in the governance of the European Union. The WTD can serve as a model of legislation enacted under the so-called community method of governance. The analysis of the WTD and its implementation reveals strengths and weaknesses in the current system of regulation of the European Union. The analysis proceeds in five steps. The first section contains a short account of the community method and European labour law. The second section gives a brief overview of the main features and structural deficits of the community method in regulating labour law from a reflexive labour law perspective. The third section outlines the Working Time Directive and efforts to reform it. Section four presents results on implementation of the WTD in four member states of the EU. The final section draws conclusions from the case studies for a discussion of reflexive elements of the community method as a method of governance.
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