The Regional Impact of National Policies
Show Less

The Regional Impact of National Policies

The Case of Brazil

Edited by Werner Baer

Brazil is a country of continental proportions whose gross domestic product is unevenly distributed among its various regions. The impact of general domestic economic policies has often been perceived as not being regionally neutral, but as reinforcing the geographic concentration of economic activities. This detailed book examines the regional impact of such general policies as: industrialization, agricultural modernization, privatization, stabilization, science and technology, labor, and foreign direct investment.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details

Chapter 10: The Use of Native Forests versus Economic Growth in Brazil: Is it Possible to Reach a Balance?

Carlos José Caetano Bacha

Extract

10. The use of native forests versus economic growth in Brazil: is it possible to reach a balance? Carlos José Caetano Bacha 10.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter analyzes the unsustainable use of Brazilian native forests and how this process is associated with Brazilian economic growth. For this purpose, the chapter focuses on the period between 1930 and 2011. The use of native forests in Brazil is regulated by forest policy. This is implemented through a series of Acts intended to control the deforestation process, to regulate the sustainable use of the remaining native forests, and to encourage reforestation. Brazil’s forest policy has been systematic since 1934, when the first forest code came into effect. It was strengthened in the 1960s and the 1990s, when new amendments to the forest policy were issued and specific legislation concerning the use of water resources, and environmental crime in connection with forest legislation, came into effect. This legislation has created a complex legal framework that, in principle, would control deforestation in Brazil if all the aforementioned legislation were obeyed. However, deforestation continues to occur at different paces among the Brazilian states, and without respect for existing forest legislation. The forest policy for the control of deforestation is classified as an incomes policy, which is constituted in a series of regulations that restrict the production and trade of products. Other examples of incomes policy are: labor legislation, defining rules for the use of the workforce and wages; zoning policies for the use of land, defining what...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.


Further information

or login to access all content.