The Ecological Opportunity
- Science, Innovation, Technology and Entrepreneurship series
Edited by Blandine Laperche, Nadine Levratto and Dimitri Uzunidis
Chapter 12: Clean Technologies and Perspectives of the Green Economy in Emergent and Developing Countries: Foundations, Opportunities and Constraints
12. Clean technologies and perspectives of the green economy in emergent and developing countries: foundations, opportunities and constraints Marc-Hubert Depret and Abdelillah Hamdouch INTRODUCTION In the last few years, green growth, green economy, green business, and specifically clean or green technologies – ‘clean-tech’ or ‘green-tech’ hereafter – have become emblematic themes on the political, economic and media scene in advanced countries and also in key emerging countries and in some fast growing emergent countries for example, there have been the recommendations of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the Stern report, the Grenelle de l’Environnement in France, the greened Recovery Act launched by the Obama Administration in the US, National Strategic Projects Related to green innovation in Japan, the South Korean Five-Year Plan for Green Growth 2009–2013, and the 11th and 12th fiveyear plans in China. However, if advanced countries consider clean-tech mainly as a means of reigniting their growth engine, emerging countries see in these new technologies – such as renewable energies, new materials, fuel cells, carbon capture and storage, and so on – a nearly historical opportunity to redefine their development and growth strategies on new economic, social and environmental bases. Indeed, these countries – which are now aware that they are a visible, full part of the global economy and the international community – are increasingly convinced by the dangers of being locked in growth and development models that are not sustainable either internally (with social, economic and regional inequalities; ecologically devastating effects of polluting industries and intensive agriculture; extrene urban...
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