Edited by Robin Hickman, Moshe Givoni, David Bonilla and David Banister
Chapter 9: Public transport-orientated development and network effects
There is an interest, in cities worldwide, in a more coordinated approach to growth management aimed at achieving a more sustainable urban form that in turn can provide the opportunity to achieve sustainable transport outcomes. A popular planning strategy has been to strive for public transport-oriented development (PTOD), more commonly referred to as transit-oriented development. At the heart of this approach is a need to consider both land-use planning and transport planning in an integrated way. If city planning is to be framed around public transport, it is necessary to address both the form and structure of the city as well as the quality of the public transport network to ensure each are mutually supportive and provide for improved accessibility. The chapter draws together the different ideas about PTOD. First, PTOD is positioned within the longstanding academic debate about urban structure, intensity of land use and the relationship with public transport efficiency and accessibility. Second, the planning practice response to these ideas is charted by drawing on a case study of Perth, Western Australia. It is evident that while Perth has had a longstanding planning policy focus on PTOD, it is only in the past decade that strategic planning practice has begun to directly engage in land use–public transport integration as a practice rather than simply a policy aspiration.
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