Edited by Robin Hickman, Moshe Givoni, David Bonilla and David Banister
Chapter 18: Urban freight: freight strategy, transport movements and the urban spatial economy
The urban economy is heavily dependent on freight distribution supply chains to ensure that goods and services are available at a time and place where their consumption value is optimised. Sources of inefficiency throughout the distribution chain become sources of lost productivity (Danielis et al., 2010). Transport costs incurred in urban freight distribution are the biggest contributor to the overall logistics costs of many organisations involved in the supply of goods and services into urban locations. Trends in the logistics and business environment that increase the urban freight transport delivery problem include tighter time windows, more shipments, in smaller lot sizes, increasing traffic volumes, increasing congestion and limits on the class of vehicle allowed on specific classes of road (D’Este, 2001). Some trends in the industry are evolving to cope with growing levels of congestion and risks to productivity growth, such as greater consolidation of freight distribution, pressures to ensure distribution can occur around the clock instead of being restricted by specific constraints at a point in the supply chain (e.g., the opening hours of delivery points) and the inevitable role that new access pricing regimes will play that are focused on the concept of user pays. In this chapter we draw on empirical evidence, as appropriate, to illustrate a number of these themes in the context of urban freight movement.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.