Handbook on Transport and Development
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Handbook on Transport and Development

Edited by Robin Hickman, Moshe Givoni, David Bonilla and David Banister

This Handbook provides an extensive overview of the relationships between transport and development. With 45 chapters from leading international authors, the book is organised in three main parts: urban structure and travel; transport and spatial impacts; and wider dimensions in transport and development. The chapters each present commentary on key issues within these themes, presenting the debate on the impacts of urban structure on travel, the impacts of transport investment on development, and social and cultural change on travel. A multitude of angles are considered – leaving the reader with a comprehensive and critical understanding of the field.
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Chapter 41: The value of transition management for sustainable transport

Harry Geerlings and Flor Avelino


Transport has many positive characteristics, both for the individual user as well as for society as a whole. This explains why the transport sector, for more then a century now, has experienced an unprecedented growth. This growth can be characterized as an evolutionary process and is evident in both the transport of passengers and goods. At the same time, transport has undesired side-effects. There are serious concerns related to emissions (at the regional, national and global level), safety, health issues and resource management, and the almost unlimited demand for transport cannot always be facilitated by construction of new infrastructure, which leads to congestion. These concerns have been raised since the 1960s and are encompassed in the concepts of sustainability. Governments and other stakeholders are generally aware that policy measures are needed to find a balance between accessibility and sustainability. This is an enormous challenge, and the question arises how this can be realized. Evolving within the framework of policymaking, a new approach has been introduced that deals with these new challenges: ‘transition management’. Transition management can be considered as an innovative management strategy to overcome barriers and to support public decision-makers and private actors to influence complex societal transformation processes towards a certain desirable direction, in this case a more sustainable transport system.

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