Environmental Regulation in Cities and Other Localities
- The IUCN Academy of Environmental Law series
Edited by Benjamin J. Richardson
Chapter 8: Measuring Climate Action in Vancouver: Comparing a City’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory Protocol to the Inventory of Consumption
Jennie Moore* 1. INTRODUCTION Many cities, such as Vancouver, Canada, are leading initiatives to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. While these efforts are to be applauded, it is also important to objectively quantify the emissions associated with urban lifestyles, regardless of where the emissions occur. Local government emissions inventory protocols, such as the one that Vancouver uses, limit the scope to what is produced within the urban boundary. However, the city’s inhabitants drive consumer demands that cause just as many emissions outside the city limits. It is important, therefore, to objectively quantify such GHG emissions to assess true sustainability performance. In 1998, Canada launched the National Climate Change Process1 to prepare an implementation strategy aimed at meeting the country’s Kyoto Protocol commitments.2 The Protocol, which Canada withdrew from in 2012, had * This research was funded through a Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions Fellowship, with support provided through a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) to Prof. William Rees, and a SSHRC Ph.D Fellowship, a British Columbia Pacific Century Graduate Scholarship, a UBC Graduate Fellowship. Professors William Rees, Thomas Hutton, Ronald Kellett, Dr Meidad Kissinger, Cornelia Sussman, Waleed Giratalla, and Ruth Legg provided valuable research guidance and assistance. 1 Environment Canada, Canada’s Fourth National Report on Climate Change: Actions to Meet Commitments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Government of Canada, 2006) 63, available at www.ec.gc.ca/Publications/26CA8150-B183-441F-95EB-B60F36A487A0%5C canadasforthclimatechange.pdf (accessed 29 November 2011). 2 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), 221 222 Local climate...
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