Chapter 5: The organizational Shadow
The Shadow is one of the main Jungian archetypes ( 1990;  1977) and it refers to the negative, dark side of the human soul. The archetype contains unwanted, unaccepted traits, inclinations, aspirations and predilections discarded in the process of socialization. Jung believes that the shadow is a universal subsystem of the psyche, and that it accompanies every person. It is contained within the wider circle of the Self mentioned in the previous chapter and constitutes the Self’s unconscious elements. This means that it is not always seen by its owner. The majority of people concentrate on their Ego, trying to make it socially accepted and best suited to the environment. The Shadow, however, plays an important role in human life. It can be an unconscious source of nuisances and misunderstandings. Unfortunately there can be no doubt that man is, on the whole, less good than he imagines himself or wants to be. Everyone carries a shadow, and the less it is embodied in the individual’s conscious life, the blacker and denser it is. If an inferiority is conscious, one always has a chance to correct it. Furthermore, it is constantly in contact with other interests, so that it is continually subjected to modifications. But if it is repressed and isolated from consciousness, it never gets corrected (Jung, 1938/1966, p. 93). In certain pathological cases, the Shadow can cause serious problems.
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