Edited by Ben Saul
Chapter 43: Regional legal responses to terrorism in Asia and the Pacific
Increasing political maturity and integration in the Asia-Pacific region, comprised of Central Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia and the Pacific Islands, has shaped the region’s recent, measured, cooperative response to terrorism. The Asia-Pacific’s legal response to terrorism has drawn on the 13 universal legal instruments on terrorism and built upon existing legislation that caters to local, national and sub-regional cultural circumstances. Terrorists and their supporters not only pose a threat to law and order, but also to the unity and integrity of nation states. In the process of developing a response to terrorism, countries in the Asia-Pacific region have incorporated their unique local traditions, customs and practices as part of the solution. This chapter will discuss the regional legal responses to terrorism by first marking out the trends of terrorism and domestic governmental responses. Then it will detail the progress in regional organizations, specifically the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), Pacific Islands Forum (PIF), and Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), as well as examining the limitations of their responses thus far. Lastly the chapter will identify and elaborate on the common challenges faced by the Asia-Pacific region as a whole in addressing the threat of terrorism.
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