A Built Economy in Education, Sustainability and Regulation
Edited by Jean Bonnet, Marcus Dejardin and Antonia Madrid-Guijarro
Chapter 2: Methodological Proposal for Determining Entrepreneurial Competencies from the Entrepreneurship Education Approach
José A. Porras, Guadalupe Oliveras and Hernán P. Vigier INTRODUCTION A large number of studies have recently aimed at explaining the entrepreneurial phenomenon. This apparently growing interest is mainly due to evidence of a direct relationship between establishing new ventures and economic growth, productivity increase and rejuvenation of the socioproductive fabric, as well as the relaunch of regional areas, the stimulation of the innovation processes and the creation of new jobs (OCDE, 1999, 2001; Reynolds et al., 1999; Audretsch and Thurik, 2001). In a literature review paper, Shook et al. (2003) state that entrepreneurship is maturing as a discipline. However, it is either implicitly or explicitly accepted that large research efforts are still needed to understand and/or explain the phenomenon. Consequently, one of the challenges that universities face at present is to combine their scientific and research activity, with the ability to educate professionals from a broader perspective, i.e. including different aspects of entrepreneurship in the curricula of innovative or even classical careers such as engineering, in order to provide the graduates with tools and personal capacities either to set up their own projects or to increase their occupational choice. In 1997, Shepherd and Douglas reported the following approaches to bring entrepreneurship education into practice: ● The old war stories approach: which attempts to motivate potential entrepreneurs’ aspirations recalling stories about individuals 31 M2924 - BONNET TEXT.indd 31 29/06/2012 15:04 32 The shift to the entrepreneurial society ● ● ● ● who created organizations, and reveal how these individuals have become successful entrepreneurs....
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