A Built Economy in Education, Sustainability and Regulation
Edited by Jean Bonnet, Marcus Dejardin and Antonia Madrid-Guijarro
Chapter 4: Innovative Entrepreneurship as a Way to Meet Professional Dissatisfactions
4. Innovative entrepreneurship as a way to meet professional dissatisfactions Jean Bonnet, Thomas Brau and Antonia Madrid-Guijarro1 INTRODUCTION The creation of an innovative firm as a way to remedy the professional dissatisfactions of salaried people has been evoked early in the literature (Shapero, 1975, 1977). Many studies, either in a microeconomic (Cromie, 1987; Van Uxem and Bais, 1996; Baker and Nelson, 2005; Greenbank, 2006) or more rarely from a macroeconomic point of view (Noorderhaven et al., 2004) have been developed. Nevertheless, they mainly give prominence to professional dissatisfactions of rather global order and without taking into account the ladder of professional values2 of the individual. We consider that it is important to take into account professional values to weight dissatisfactions in the same fields. Boussougou-Moussavou (2003) has already evoked these variables for satisfactions at work. This interest in the innovative firm is then in line with the goal to meet the noticed deficit of the setting up of innovative firms in Europe in comparison with the United States which produces what Audretsch (2007) terms the European Paradox that is to say a high level of investment in knowledge and learning for a low result in terms of growth and reduction of unemployment. The transition from an economy of knowledge to an economy of innovation is thus critical at the national level (Bonnet and Cussy, 2010) but also at the regional one, and especially so for the regions where these studies took place. In this chapter, while covering the ‘elementary components’...
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