The Shift to the Entrepreneurial Society
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The Shift to the Entrepreneurial Society

A Built Economy in Education, Sustainability and Regulation

Edited by Jean Bonnet, Marcus Dejardin and Antonia Madrid-Guijarro

In the constant challenge economies face to grow and adapt, entrepreneurship and innovation are considered key factors. This impressive book shows the complementary and decisive role that education, access to an efficient financial system, and regulation may have in creating an entrepreneurial society.
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Chapter 8: Which are the Determinant Factors for Manufacturing Firms to Undertake R & D Activities in Spain and the United Kingdom?

Mariluz Mate-Sanchez-Val and Richard Harris


8. Which are the determinant factors for manufacturing firms to undertake R&D activities in Spain and the United Kingdom? Mariluz Mate-Sanchez-Val and Richard Harris1 INTRODUCTION During the last years an extensive literature has analysed the relationship between the innovation activities undertaken by the firms and the regional development (Bilbao-Osorio and Rodríguez-Pose, 2004). Although these studies do not find a close relationship between these variables, they conclude that undertaking R&D activities exerts different effects on regional growth. Inspired by this relationship, the European Commission (2002) developed a report to characterize the European regions attending to their innovative activity. This study concluded about the existence of two groups of European countries with a large technological gap between them: (1) countries located in the ‘core’ innovative system. They are situated in the north and central Europe and characterized by a high percentage of firms which undertake R&D activities. (2) Countries identified with a ‘periphery’ innovative regime, comprising regions in Southern Europe and with a low amount of them that undertake R&D activities. This classification has been considered in the design of regional policies with the purpose of dropping the differences between groups (Cabrer-Borras and Serrano-Domingo, 2007). Going further in this research area, the aim of this study is to provide an in-depth analysis of the technological gap between these groups. Concretely, we analyse the factors which influence the decision to undertake R&D activities by the Spanish and British firms. The former located in the periphery area and...

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