A Built Economy in Education, Sustainability and Regulation
Edited by Jean Bonnet, Marcus Dejardin and Antonia Madrid-Guijarro
Chapter 16: How Diverse is Entrepreneurship? Observations on the Social Heterogeneity of Self-Employment in Germany
16. How diverse is entrepreneurship? Observations on the social heterogeneity of self-employment in Germany Dieter Bögenhold and Uwe Fachinger INTRODUCTION Entrepreneurship is often seen as a way to reach overall economic prosperity in times when national economies are competing with each other. It is thought that entrepreneurship will overcome such economic shortcomings as ● ● ● ● ● low economic development, lack of international competitiveness, missing innovations, insufficient modernization of the economy, and lack of sufficient new jobs. Economic policy is always on the search for the Golden Fleece. Since the IT revolution started in Silicon Valley, politicians all over the world have been trying to answer the question: How to create a new ‘Silicon Valley’? Some visionaries proclaim that the health industry in connection with assisting technologies and ambient assisted living is the great white hope referring to ageing societies and it is assumed that the health care market has an enormous growth potential. They see new forms of products, services and even cooperation emerging as Schumpeter’s new sources of opportunities. Biological and medical research will lead to new products and services in biotechnology, the pharmaceutical industry and in medical technology. As one example, Berlin’s politicians are trying to concentrate economic policy on health care to become a leading health region in Germany, known as ‘the city of health care’. The organization of a progressive network between health care science and health care economy, 227 M2924 - BONNET TEXT.indd 227 29/06/2012 15:04 228 The shift to the entrepreneurial society biotechnology and medicine...
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