A Built Economy in Education, Sustainability and Regulation
Edited by Jean Bonnet, Marcus Dejardin and Antonia Madrid-Guijarro
Chapter 18: Business Demography Dynamics in Portugal: A Non-Parametric Survival Analysis
18. Business demography dynamics in Portugal: a non-parametric survival analysis Alcina Nunes and Elsa de Morais Sarmento INTRODUCTION Most empirical studies on regional variations in entry and exit rates at the international level are either based on survey data like the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (Acs et al., 2008), business data (Hoffman and Junge, 2006), business registration data (Klapper et al., 2008; Klapper et al., 2009; Sarmento and Nunes, 2010c) or a combination of the previous (Ahn, 2001; Scarpetta et al., 2002; Bartelsman et al., 2005; OECD/ Eurostat, 2008, 2009; Eurostat, 2009). Moreover, most only take into account the manufacturing sector. There is scarce evidence of studies on entrepreneurial activity that encompass simultaneously all sectors, regions and countries. Portugal is somehow an exception, where extensive research has been done in firm dynamics using mostly Quadros de Pessoal (Geroski et al., 2010; Mata, 1993; Mata and Portugal, 1994; Mata et al., 1995; Mata and Machado, 1996; Görg et al., 2000; Cabral and Mata, 2003; Baptista and Carias, 2007; Baptista and Mendonça, 2007; Cabral, 2007; Baptista et al., 2008; Sarmento and Nunes, 2010b). Portugal suffers from a considerable degree of firm churn, related to the composition and characteristics of its enterprise fabric, namely the small average size of its firms and newborn firms (Eurostat 2009; Geroski et al, 2010; Sarmento and Nunes, 2010a, b), the increasing dominance of the service sector (Sarmento and Nunes, 2010a), the dependence of the economic cycle (Geroski et al., 2010) and possibly the impact of Structural...
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