Edited by Michael R. Redclift and Marco Grasso
Chapter 8: Disasters and human security: natural hazards and political instability in Haiti and the Dominican Republic
The discussion on the impact of natural hazards on human security has gained momentum in recent years. Given the climate change scenarios of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), with predicted changes in tropical cyclone intensity, a growing world population, and a trend towards coastal urbanization exposing more people to natural hazards, and persistent poverty, scientists and policymakers alike are increasingly concerned with possible political ramifications of the impact of natural hazards. Apart from meteorological natural hazards, earthquakes, volcanoes and tsunamis are also believed to have destabilizing effects. But can these claims be substantiated? In the aftermath of a disaster, the media is often quick to report on chaos and acts of violence. Some attribute this outbreak of instability to the breakdown of the social order; as Timothy Garton Ash puts it boldly: “Remove the elementary staples of organised, civilised life – food, shelter, drinkable water, minimal personal security – and we go back within hours to a Hobbesian state of nature, a war of all against all” (Ash, 2005).
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.