An Environmental Approach
Edited by Francesc Morata and Israel Solorio Sandoval
Chapter 6: Redrawing the ‘Green Europeanization’ of Energy Policy
Israel Solorio Sandoval and Esther Zapater1 6.1 INTRODUCTION So far the Europeanization of energy policy has occupied a limited place in the European integration literature. Paradoxically, although energy policy provided an early impetus for European integration (see Lucas, 1977; Matláry, 1997), this policy has remained largely state-centered and the integration process has not been capable of laying the foundations for a fullfledged and coherent Common Energy Policy. Instead, energy policy has been considered one of the weakest areas of integration (see Chapter 1 by Solorio Sandoval and Morata). However for the sake of energy policy’s salience in the EU, current developments mainly at the institutional level have been giving more prominence to this policy within the integration process. As the EU commissioner for energy, Günther Oettinger, recently pointed out, there are several indications that ‘the Europeanization of energy policy has already started’ (Oettinger, 2010), even though the understanding of this process is still weak. Against this backdrop it is fundamental to acknowledge that energy policy has invariably been considered a very unusual case of policy-making at the European level, owing especially to the pronounced conflicts between the development of common policies on the one hand and divergent national policies on the other (Andersen, 2000). This was the main reason for the ban imposed on the EU in this area before the Lisbon Treaty broke down the barriers that hindered Brussels’ action. Nevertheless, despite being recognized only recently as a formal EU policy area, it has been under Brussels’s...
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