An Environmental Approach
Edited by Francesc Morata and Israel Solorio Sandoval
Chapter 11: Morocco, the European Energy Policy and the Mediterranean Solar Plan
Gonzalo Escribano-Francés and Enrique San Martín González1 11.1 INTRODUCTION The development of renewable energy sources (RES) is one of the pillars of the emerging European policy, which has become a world leader in the promotion of clean energies, making the fight against climate change one of its signs of identity in the international arena (see Chapter 1 by Solorio Sandoval and Morata; Chapter 2 by Adelle et al.). Within the framework of the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) there has been launched a proposal for a Mediterranean Solar Plan for the deployment of RES in the southern shore of the Mediterranean, with EU support. This initiative could also be envisaged as a way of counterbalancing the ‘eastward turn’ that has occurred in the EU energy supply since the fall of the Berlin Wall (Escribano et al., 2006; San Martín, 2010; see also Chapter 8 by Herranz Surrallés and Natorski). Morocco has expressed its interest in participating in the Mediterranean Solar Plan as it is an energy-dependent country that imports 85 percent of its energy needs. In order to reduce its vulnerability while improving its environmental status, the country is committed to producing 42 percent of its electricity through RES by 2020 and to becoming a net exporter of electricity to the EU via the Straits of Gibraltar. A major goal, implicitly included within this commitment, would also be the creation of employment associated with the renewable energy companies created or established in Morocco, a country...
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