The Failure of Counter Measures
Chapter 1: Terrorist financing, hitherto neglected
Terrorist groups or organizations have been described as needing three essential components: men, money and munitions. The men – and women – of the organizations are prominent, if not in revealing their individual identities then in the actions they perpetrate and the public statements they circulate and their attempts to establish an empathy with certain sections of the population affected by their actions. The munitions used by the organizations are prominent in that they are the instruments which destroy buildings, damage and ruin businesses and severely wound and kill individuals by explosive impact tearing human bodies apart. The money is less high profile, and has received less attention, vigilance and counter measures. Nonetheless, it was and remains essential in order for terrorism to be perpetrated. Terrorist attacks are deemed to be inexpensive to carry out. The paradigm, or model, of inexpensive terrorism has derived from the fact that relatively simple devices, such the devices attached to the suicide bomber, or improvised explosive devices (IEDs) are indeed inexpensive to manufacture. This has proved to be entirely correct when dealing with structured organizations, such as the Palestinian organizations of the 1970s and the Algerian organizations of the 1980s, and is demonstrated in both eras by the comparative indifference of the Provisional IRA (PIRA) to outlay and expenses.
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