Handbook on the Geopolitics of Business
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Handbook on the Geopolitics of Business

Edited by Joseph Mark S. Munoz

In recent years, rapid globalization, novel technologies and business models, as well as economic and political changes have transformed the international business landscape. This pioneering volume offers a comprehensive discussion of the new global terrain and makes a strong case for the consideration of geopolitics in both the study and practice of modern-day business.
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Chapter 11: Impact of the geopolitical distribution of corruption and crime on the global corporation

Duane Windsor


This chapter surveys impact of geopolitical distribution of corruption and crime on the global corporation. The topic is relatively under-studied to date. “Geopolitical” means the combination of geographic and political factors relating to or influencing a nation or region of countries (Le Billon, 2004). The term focuses on the relationship between political institutions and territory characteristics. Corruption and crime occur globally, but the geopolitical distribution is very uneven; and corruption and crime distributions may not closely coincide especially within countries. Data tend to be fragmented across the major dimensions of corruption and crime. A global corporation is a privately owned enterprise operating in multiple countries and at least two regions of the world, so for example in Europe and Africa, or Asia and Latin America, or Europe and North America. The business entity might or might not have publicly traded shares. The definition excludes state-owned enterprises, which when operating globally may face much the same geopolitical distribution of corruption and crime but bear a different relationship to a specific home country government. The classic instance is a corporation operating in a large number of countries across a variety of regions: Apple, British American Tobacco, Coca-Cola, Exxon Mobil, Google, Microsoft, Royal Dutch Shell, Siemens, Unilever, and Wal-Mart are well-known examples. Many enterprises have a much more regional focus.

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