- Elgar original reference
Edited by Kerry Thomas and Janet Chan
Chapter 9: Attributing creativity in science and engineering: the discourses of discovery, invention and breakthrough
In common-sense terms, which suffice for many everyday purposes, the meanings of ‘discovery’ and ‘invention’, and the differences between them are simple and straightforward. To discover is to uncover, as we might reveal what lies on a table by removing the cloth covering it. Such an act of uncovering involves an existing entity being first hidden from us but then being made evident to us by the act of an individual. The entity pre-exists the act of its revelation, and the revelation does nothing to constitute or affect the nature of the entity. The most common view of scientific discovery sees it in this way. Scientists see novel features of the natural world, or they indirectly, but still securely, apprehend them through processes of observation, experiment and reasoning. Discovery is pictured as an individual act of cognition in which an external reality is cognitively grasped.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.