Handbook of Research on Creativity
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Handbook of Research on Creativity

Edited by Kerry Thomas and Janet Chan

In this timely work, creativity is not defined by an ideal, rather it encompasses a range of theories, functions, characteristics, processes, products and practices that are associated with the generation of novel and useful outcomes suited to particular social, cultural and political contexts. Chapters present original research by international scholars from a wide range of disciplines including history, sociology, psychology, philosophy, cultural studies, education, economics and interdisciplinary studies. Their research investigates creativity in diverse fields including art, creative industries, aesthetics, design, new media, music, arts education, science, engineering and technology.
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Chapter 31: Copyright as an incentive system for creativity? The case of contemporary visual arts

Nobuko Kawashima


To nurture creativity in the arts and culture1 has been a concern of many governments, together with those of encouraging excellence and of diffusing them to as many people as possible. For such purposes, cultural policy of government provides support to theatres, museums, orchestras, film archives, literature events, dance performances, visual arts exhibitions and so on. The majority of such public money, however, goes into institutions and organizational projects, leaving direct support for individual creativity relatively limited. Cultural policy may provide education and training opportunities for individual artists and creators, or give awards to them so that their reputation will be enhanced. Overall, however, financial support directly given to individual, living artists is not generally favoured by cultural policy, as their work is contemporary, still awaiting recognition which cannot be assured. Accordingly, the selection of the recipients tends to become political /politicized and can invite criticism in the media, something which governments would want to avoid.

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