A New Perspective on the Production and Evolution of Cultures
Edited by Enrico Bertacchini, Giangiacomo Bravo, Massimo Marrelli and Walter Santagata
Chapter 13: Cultural Commons: A New Perspective on the Production and Evolution of Cultures
Enrico Bertacchini, Giangiacomo Bravo, Massimo Marrelli and Walter Santagata 1 INTRODUCTION The collective endeavor that has culminated in the production of this volume has allowed us to explore and discuss a new perspective for understanding the dynamics affecting the production and evolution of cultures as a form of shared resources. In this concluding chapter we sum up the main findings and themes that have emerged in the several contributions to this volume and we provide some research trajectories for a further application of the cultural commons perspective in the analysis of cultural phenomena. 2 THE NATURE OF CULTURAL COMMONS The idea of cultural commons is based on the recognition that today a growing number of intangible resources, ranging from knowledge to genetic information, may be analyzed under the perspective of the “commons” put forward by Ostrom (1990). In a similar vein, studying cultures as shared resources is useful in eliciting the main factors and social dilemmas affecting the production and evolution of cultural expression. Cultural commons has therefore been proposed as a broad-ranging concept able to improve our understanding of the dynamics of several heterogeneous cultural domains. In the introduction to this volume we emphasized that, although there are many differences among specific forms of cultural expression, three main analytical dimensions may be used to categorize the variety of cultural shared resources at stake. First, the cultural dimension refers to the analysis of the characteristics of cultural resources produced and managed in a commons-like 243 M2940 - BERTACCHINI TEXT.indd 243...
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