Chapter 5: The Role of Product Development Partnership for the Appropriation of Knowledge and Innovation in Biotechnology in Tanzania
Emmarold Mneney, Bitrina D. Diyamett and Burton L.M. Mwamila BACKGROUND Innovations in science and technology in Africa and other developing countries are essential means of alleviating poverty and stimulating economic growth and development. Certain types of social, economic and technological advances can only be achieved by private firms, public sector organizations, universities, NGOs or civil society working together. A rapid rise in the incidence of research partnership (public–private, private– civil society, public–private–civil society and many other forms) has stimulated a policy debate regarding their effectiveness and whether these relationships enhance overall economic performance in the developing countries. Research partnerships have become an increasingly important means of creating and diffusing scientific and technical knowledge. This is of great importance, particularly in biotechnology-related activities. Application of biotechnology provides new and promising opportunities for achieving greater food security, reducing poverty and improving the quality and standard of living of marginalized people in the developing world. The number and scope of biotechnology applications are expanding, not only in the developing countries, but also in African countries. The level of biotechnology research, development and utilization in Tanzania is still in its infancy. There are several public, private and nongovernmental institutions that are involved in biotechnology research at different levels in Tanzania. Although progress in the adoption and utilization of this technology in Tanzania has remained rather slow, the country is picking up quickly, with the agricultural sector being the most active. It is being envisioned that public–private partnership could speed 111...
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