Chapter 5: The Role of Product Development Partnership for the Appropriation of Knowledge and Innovation in Biotechnology in Tanzania
5. The role of product development partnership for the appropriation of knowledge and innovation in biotechnology in Tanzania Emmarold Mneney, Bitrina D. Diyamett and Burton L.M. Mwamila BACKGROUND Innovations in science and technology in Africa and other developing countries are essential means of alleviating poverty and stimulating economic growth and development. Certain types of social, economic and technological advances can only be achieved by private firms, public sector organizations, universities, NGOs or civil society working together. A rapid rise in the incidence of research partnership (public–private, private– civil society, public–private–civil society and many other forms) has stimulated a policy debate regarding their effectiveness and whether these relationships enhance overall economic performance in the developing countries. Research partnerships have become an increasingly important means of creating and diffusing scientific and technical knowledge. This is of great importance, particularly in biotechnology-related activities. Application of biotechnology provides new and promising opportunities for achieving greater food security, reducing poverty and improving the quality and standard of living of marginalized people in the developing world. The number and scope of biotechnology applications are expanding, not only in the developing countries, but also in African countries. The level of biotechnology research, development and utilization in Tanzania is still in its infancy. There are several public, private and nongovernmental institutions that are involved in biotechnology research at different levels in Tanzania. Although progress in the adoption and utilization of this technology in Tanzania has remained rather slow, the country is picking up quickly, with...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.